Award Space Series | Part 2 – Maximizing Your Miles Through SkyTeam

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Award Space Series Index

Part 1   |  Introduction to Maximizing Your Miles Through Airline Alliances

Part 2  |  Maximizing Your Miles Through SkyTeam Alliance

Part 3  |  Maximizing Your Miles Through Star Alliance Part I

Part 4  |  Maximizing Your Miles Through Star Alliance Part II

Part 5  |  Maximizing Your Miles Through OneWorld Alliance

SkyTeam Alliance was founded in 2000 by Aeromexico, Air France, Delta Airlines and Korean Air. Since then the alliance has expanded to 20 members. Like any alliance, some SkyTeam members pass on fuel surcharges onto the passengers and some do not. I’ve gone ahead and noted the specific airlines with a (Y) for ‘Yes’ and (N) for ‘No surcharges’:

Skyteam Members 2014

Aeroflot (Y)Alitalia (Y) except for skymiles redemptionDelta Air Lines (N)Middle East Airlines (Y)
Aerolineas Argentinas (N)China Airlines (Y)Garuda Indonesia (Y)Saudia (N)
Aeromexico (N)China Eastern (Y)Kenya Airways (N)TAROM (Y)
Air Europa (Y)China Southern (Y)KLM (Y) except for skymiles redemptionVietnam Airlines (Y)
Air France (Y) except for skymiles redemptionCzech Airlines (Y)Korean Air (Y)Xiamen Airlines (Y)

While each maintains their own award chart, there are some sweet spots with certain airlines whose miles can be accrued rather easily. My definition of “easily” here means the ability to earn those miles through a flexible points earning credit card and/or the airlines co-branded credit card. Taking these factors into consideration, in this post, I will focus on:

Although Korean Air has a co-branded credit card, the welcome bonus is probably not worth applying for many therefore it has been omitted from this analysis.

Delta | SkyMiles

It’s evident from the datapoint above that earning Delta miles is fairly easy as three high earning methods can let you amass a significant amount of miles in a short period of time. Despite all the devaluations that Delta has gone through recently and (got a lot of heat for it, rightfully!) taking away earning potential by making it purely revenue based, there are still some sweet spots in its new 2015 award chart.

Non-Alliance Partners

Besides the SkyTeam Alliance partners, Delta also partners with the following airlines and the Y/N denotes whether or not they charge fuel surcharges:

  • Alaska Airlines (N)
  • Air Tahiti Nui (Y)
  • GOL Airlines (N)
  • Hawaiian Airlines (N)
  • Olympic Air
  • Virgin Atlantic (N)
  • Virgin Australia International (N)
  • WestJet

Delta Award Chart



Maximizing Delta Miles

All the mileage rates shown above are for round-trip tickets and starting January 2015, Delta will finally start allowing one-way awards for half of the round-trip fare. Between the two award charts there really is not a “wow” factor, but looking closely at Delta’s partners is where the value (as little as it may be) lies. Also be sure to keep you're eyes peeled for Delta's Flash Sales, which have become more common in the past year and are a valuable way to use Delta Skymiles. These flash sales can be a great way to fly Delta economy flights for a fraction of the miles cost, although you'll want to pay attention to the fare rules for these flights regarding checked bags, etc.

A round trip to Europe costs 60k miles in economy and 125k miles in business. Neither of these numbers jump out, however it’s still important to talk about this due to Delta’s partner Virgin Atlantic. Award flights to London often have very high fuel surcharges, sometimes close to ~$900 for an economy award. However, Delta doesn’t charge fuel surcharges on Virgin flights!

Delta’s partners allow for great choices to Asia and Oceania. A sample use of Delta miles is going to Australia and New Zealand and roping in French Polynesia on the same award costing you 100k in economy or 160k in business. This is made possible because of Delta’s relaxed routing rules.

Since Delta partners with Virgin Australia, Air Tahiti Nui and Air France, you can fly from Los Angeles to Tahiti, French Polynesia, stay for a few weeks then continue onto Auckland, New Zealand. This will have used up the one stopover that is allowed.


The empty portion between AKL and SYD in the map above is the open-jaw that can be filled by a low cost carrier in Oceania. The return leg will be a direct flight from Sydney to Los Angeles.The flights to Tahiti and New Zealand will be on on Air Tahiti Nui (recall that Delta charges fuel surcharges on Air Tahiti Nui flights) and the flight home can be on Virgin Australia (no fuel surcharges!)

As a member of the SkyTeam alliance, there are a plethora of partner airlines that fly to Asia such as China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, China Airlines, Garuda Indonesia and Korean Air. These airlines all have daily flights to their hubs and to some of the more popular destinations in Asia such as Bangkok, Bali, Seoul, etc.

Using the relaxed routing rules, as shown above, you can really get innovative in the Asia region with the various popular destinations that you can visit on a Delta award redemption. Note that on flights to Asia, Delta does charge fuel surcharges on China Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, and China Southern Airlines.

How to Find Delta Award Space

While Delta's own website is the best way to find award space on Delta flights, it can be very tedious as the system is completely flawed, as shown below. For all SkyTeam awards, save yourself the nightmare and use the Air France website for reasons discussed later in this post.

Drawbacks to Using Delta Miles

As if the high award redemption rates weren't enough, Delta doesn’t let you book first class awards on any partner airline! To make matters worse, they have one of the worst booking search engines in the history of this game. For all non-SkyTeam awards, you HAVE to rely on the Delta website and/or ExpertFlyer before calling the Delta call center.
Here is a sample search for the LAX to SYD leg in the aforementioned itinerary to Oceania.



If you select ‘My dates are flexible’ right before clicking ‘Find Flights,’ it brings up the award calendar.


Apparently, the entire month of February 2015 has only peak level awards for First / Business cabins and two random standard level awards, but no saver level awards. Just out of curiosity, lets see what these peak awards cost… I will choose the 8th and the results I get are…[drumroll please]


If the calendar showed peak awards how is it finding flights for saver level awards in business class to Sydney, Australia?!!? ….. That is the Delta search engine that has been bestowed upon us and there are no signs that this will be improved any time soon. In order to finish the rest of the itinerary, you would need to do the same thing for each leg of the trip and note down all the information.

When searching for a non-SkyTeam partner you literally have to go day by day to find such flights. (Note the low fuel surcharges + taxes and fees for business class award on an airline that charges its own frequent flier members heavy surcharges)

Air France / KLM | Flying Blue

Air France and KLM have a combined frequent flyer program called Flying Blue. Currently the only way to easily earn miles is through transfers of American Express Rewards Points at a 1:1 ratio.

Non-Alliance Partners

Flying Blue partners with a variety of airlines however, barring desperate scenarios there are only a handful of useful partners with the exception for those living in Europe as most of the airlines are Euro-centric. The useful airlines for most people living in the U.S. are:

  • Aer Lingus
  • Air Mauritius
  • Alaska Airlines
  • Bangkok Airways
  • Copa Airlines
  • Gol Transportes Aéreos
  • Jet Airways
  • Malaysia Airlines

This is not to say you can’t find value in other airlines, but it should be noted that premium awards redemption rates are outrageously high as shown earlier. The select airlines above serve short distances to different regions and Flying Blue’s routing rules allow one stopover and one open-jaw per roundtrip. This gives Flying Blue a slight advantage over others in flying to a wide array of additional destinations, that may not be served by a SkyTeam alliance member, easily on one single award.

Flying Blue Award Chart

One frustrating aspect however is that neither Air France nor KLM show an award chart, you have to rely on their miles calculator!

Maximizing Flying Blue Miles

One award of interest is the USA to French Polynesia award which is only 60k miles for round-trip in economy on a direct flight that leaves Los Angeles 3x a week however that award in business class will cost you 150k miles.


Flying Blue does try to save face with their frequent 50% off award tickets promotions, but even these have been limited lately to only a few cities in America. They do however charge fuel surcharges on all awards as long as the airline that you are redeeming for charges them.

How to Find Flying Blue Award Space

Flying Blue’s search engine, on the other hand, is one of the best ways to search for SkyTeam awards. You do not need any miles in your account to access their search engine and it is the most accurate when searching for award space.

I recently booked a trip to Bangkok, Thailand and for analysis sake, if we wanted to extend the trip to Nairobi, Kenya from Thailand before returning home we would need to find a SkyTeam partner that flies there (preferably non-stop.) After using the ITA Matrix Software and/or Kayak I found that Kenya Airways would be one of the better options to fly with.

From here we can either search Delta’s or Air France’s website for this award. We’ll take a look at both to show the significant differences in the available award space they show.

1. Go to Delta’s search engine.


2. Fill out the information needed, from BKK (Bangkok) to NBO (Nairobi) on January 9th, 2015. As always I search segment by segment so I’ll worry about the return leg later. Hit ‘Find Flights’ and we get Delta’s search results.


The results on show there are no flights in the entire SkyTeam Alliance that service Nairobi. There will be times when the ‘View Award Calendar’ will take you to this same page (this is something that Delta has not fixed in years!) rather than the actual award calendar.

However, something tells me we may have better luck using the Air France website, so let’s see what we can find there.

1. To search for awards go to the Air France search engine and enter the flight details as needed.


2. After clicking ‘search’ the results will automatically display an award calendar.


3. From these results it looks like Delta’s search engine was not giving us all award availability. This indicates that there there is actually great availability for the entire month of January 2015.


4. The desired flight (Kenya Airways non-stop flight) is available in the lowest price award level!

The above example proves how strong the Air France search engine is in acquiring SkyTeam award availability data, all without jumping through too many hoops. In many cases it should be your first tool to find SkyTeam award space. Despite not having an exceptionally valuable award chart, Air France tries to gain ground through its promos, and numerous partners.

This shows how useful airline alliances can be because even if you want to use Delta miles, it almost always pays off to search on the Air France website first for all SkyTeam awards.

Drawbacks to Using Flying Blue Miles

Air France, has outrageously high premier cabin redemption rates, as shown above, as the business class awards are sometimes 3x the economy rate. All surcharges are passed on to the passenger including Air France flights and KLM flights! (Recall Delta doesn’t charge surcharges for Air France and KLM flights)

Korean Air | Skypass

Korean Air miles are fairly easy to earn since they are a transfer partner with any ‘premium’ Ultimate Rewards earning Chase credit card. Not only do these cards offer valuable bonus offers, but also bonus spending categories such as the Chase Ink Plus’s 5X points at office supply stores.

For a long time Korean Airlines did not follow most airlines’ trends of devaluations, however they had a major one in early 2014. The devaluation was still less devastating in comparison to what their SkyTeam partner Delta has recently done.

Non-Alliance Partners

Korean Airlines also partners an interesting mix of airlines, however they limit the routes you can use those partner flights for and do not allow mixing these carriers on any non SkyTeam partner awards. These non-alliance partners include:

  • Alaska Airlines
  • Emirates
  • Etihad
  • Hawaiian Airlines

Korean Air has a unique award chart for non SkyTeam partners where only certain routes on these airlines are allowed for redemption. While the two Middle Eastern airlines, Emirates and Etihad, are primarily only redeemable for intra-Middle Eastern routes and Asia-Middle East routes, Alaska and Hawaiian can be used for some high demand routes likely to be utilized by US residents.


Korean miles redemption rates on Alaska Airlines

Korean miles redemption rates on Alaska Airlines

Korean miles redemption rates for Hawaiian Airlines

Korean miles redemption rates for Hawaiian Airlines

Korean Air’s routing rules allow for two stopovers and one open-jaw per round-trip and one stopover for one-way awards. You’re also allowed one-way award redemptions for half of the round-trip required mileage.

Award Chart - Korean Air Flights Only

Korean Air has different award charts for their own flights and for SkyTeam members. Here is a quick snapshot of their award chart on Korean Air only redemptions (all miles shown are for round-trip):

Korean miles redemption rates for Korean Air flights only

Korean miles redemption rates for Korean Air flights only

Drawbacks to Using Korean Air Miles

While there are a lot of redemptions that are worthy of notice, Korean Air, does have a few drawbacks, mainly the fact that they have blackout dates therefore it’s important to understand these before even looking at the rest of the award charts. The following shows what dates are unavailable for award travel until 2015.

Blackout dates on Korean Air operated flights

Blackout dates on Korean Air operated flights

The fact that they would black out the holiday season can be frustrating considering that a majority of travelers try to leverage vacation schedules around holidays to maximize the number of days spent traveling.

Korean Air has different blackout dates for award travel on their SkyTeam partners, but these restrictions are much better than their own flights. SkyTeam blackout dates only apply to China Airlines and Aeromexico and differ from route-to-route for Air China. Not to say this is not still a drawback, but it is more generous than the restrictions on Korean Air flights.

Blackout dates for Aeromexico and Air China

Blackout dates for Aeromexico and Air China

Aeromexico and China Airline’s blackout dates may be a deal breaker for those who plan to fly with them.

Here are the route restrictions Korean Air enforces on some SkyTeam partners:

Ineligible flights for Korean miles redemption

Ineligible flights for Korean miles redemption

Majority of the flights listed here are domestic flights within the country to whom the airlines belong to. For example, China Eastern flights 7101 to 9899 are ineligible for award travel. A simple google search shows that MU9844 is a flight from Beijing to Shanghai and because this falls within the range listed above, this flight cannot be booked using miles. FM refers to Shanghai Airways which is a subsidiary of China Eastern that also isn’t redeemable using Korean Air miles.

Korean Air only lets you search for award seats if you have enough miles for the award you are trying to book, therefore the best way to search for any SkyTeam member award space is to use Air France’s search engine and Expert Flyer for strictly Korean Air award availability.

Award Chart - SkyTeam Partners

Now that we’re done with all the restrictions, let’s take a look at how their awards are priced out.

Korean miles redemption rate for Skyteam member flights

Korean miles redemption rate for SkyTeam member flights

Maximizing Korean Air Miles

Probably the greatest bargain in terms of mileage redemption for a very highly sought after award noted under ‘Note 1’: USA to Tahiti by Air France for only 90k roundtrip in Business class! However keep in mind that Korean Air, like Air France, passes on any fuel surcharges to the passengers.

The itinerary shown in the Delta section of LAX - PPT - AKL & SYD-LAX would not be possible here in the same manner because Korean Air does not partner with Virgin Australia nor Air Tahiti Nui. Because 90k miles for First Class round trip is such a steal I would not mind if I was not able to get a stopover to visit a third place.

How to Find Korean Air Award Space

The best place to find award space on Korean Airlines is using either the Air France website and / or Expert Flyer.

Quick Recap

While the three airlines that were analyzed today brought a little something different to the table, there are some distinctive takeaways regarding finding SkyTeam award availability.

Air France’s search engine is the best option for finding SkyTeam award space and likely the only way to go. Expert Flyer shows availability for some airlines but not all.

When deciding which airline miles to earn and burn within the SkyTeam alliance you first have to decide what is more important: 1) to see more places on the same award or 2) to get the best deal for the number of miles spent. In the French Polynesia trip example, the Delta redemption allowed an additional trip from Tahiti to Australia / New Zealand which would not be possible with Korean Air, but the total trip cost would be 40k miles less.

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